Not every electromechanical equipment used in an industrial environment can be regarded as a robot. According to the definition of ISO (International Standardization Organization), industrial robots are automatically controlled and reprogrammable multipurpose arms that can be programmed on three or more axes. This is almost the accepted definition of industrial robots.
Typical industrial robots include tools, industrial robotic arms, control cabinets, control panels, teach pendants and some other peripheral devices. So what are these?
(1) Tools (also called end effectors) are devices designed for specific tasks (such as welding or painting). Basically, industrial robotic arms are used to move tools. It is important to understand that not every industrial robot is like an arm. There are different types of robot structures.
(2) The control cabinet is similar to the brain of a robot. The control panel and the teach pendant constitute the user environment. These parts usually are assembled together.
(3) The control panel is intended to be used to perform some daily tasks, such as changing programs or controlling peripheral devices. Although the teach pendant is usually only used for programming, it can be connected to the control cabinet if additional memory is needed to execute the program.
In manufacturing industry, robots enable companies to save costs and restore previously outsourced processes. Robots help solve skill gaps by completing dirty and dangerous tasks that make certain positions difficult to maintain. Industrial robotic arms change the manufacturing by performing mundane, repetitive and dangerous tasks. This creates a demand for more interesting, challenging, and higher-paying positions. By creating a more attractive and safer workplace, robots help retain employees and can reduce the cost of recruiting, hiring, and training personnel.