In early 2016, AlphaGo's stunning match with Li Shishi called for global attention to artificial intelligence. In a public speech, Li Kaifu, chairman of innovation works and godfather of entrepreneurship, predicted that in the next five years, about 90% of the jobs in various fields, mainly including translation, journalism, assistant, security, sales, customer service and driver, would be completely or partially replaced by artificial intelligence.
In the era of mobile Internet, the BAT three giants dominate the Internet. With the change of The Times, BAT cannot occupy the top of the mountain forever. So, where is the next outlet after the Internet industry? Li Kaifu said he is optimistic about five areas: artificial intelligence, cultural entertainment, online education, non-standard automation equipment, B2B and consumer upgrades. Artificial intelligence is rational and has a strong memory, but it is weak in perceptual discrimination such as beauty, humor, art, and music. Because of this, human beings will still be able to navigate the humanities, arts, and aesthetics. The trend of the era of artificial intelligence may eliminate some industries, but it will still be a great progress in human civilization because it liberates human creativity.
In terms of solving the shortage of labor force, improving work efficiency and improving work quality, the use of machinery can enlarge and extend people's "physical strength", the use of computers can enhance "brain power", and the use of robots will further assist, replace and expand people's comprehensive ability, and gradually play an increasingly important role in life. The following six factors have contributed to the arrival of the era of "robot +" :
1. The labor force is decreasing day by day, and the labor cost is increasing day by day. Fields such as industry and agriculture need to use robots to change production patterns.
2. The society has entered an aging age, and the demand for the living has steadily increased. The fields of medical treatment, life, and education all require intelligent and high-quality services.
3. Natural disasters and local wars are frequent, and human beings need robots to carry out rescue and relief tasks in bad environments instead of human beings.
4. In the field of e-commerce and transportation, the flow of people and goods is increasing, and robots are required to share the tasks of walking or working for them.
5. With the rapid progress of science and technology, human beings are committed to exploring the unknown fields of space, deep sea and so on, and robots are needed as "pioneer fighters".
6. The application prospect of robots in other fields is also worthy of attention, such as installation, operation, maintenance, emergency rescue, search and rescue, fire control, detection, delivery, security, and construction.
“Robot+”, plus what?
The rapidly developing Internet of things technology enables robots to perceive their surroundings. Cloud computing technology enables robots to face the diversity of the human living environment. Big data allows robots to make intelligent decisions. The development of artificial intelligence makes robots realize real intelligence. Robot + will play an important role in various fields.
1. Robot + industry:
In recent years, "employment difficulties" have become a common phenomenon, especially in labor-intensive enterprises. Since workers work eight hours a day, a robot can work 24 hours a day without interruption, so a robot is equivalent to three workers. "Machine replacement" can improve labor efficiency, solve labor problems, improve occupational health and safety production, and help enterprises to transform and upgrade.
2. Robot + agriculture:
Agricultural robots play an important role in animal husbandry and forestry in addition to field operations such as planting, pesticide, and harvest. The robot + agriculture model is supported by robot technology, which integrates information technology comprehensively, integrates perception, transmission, control, and operation as a whole, and promotes standardization and standardization of agriculture, which can save manpower cost, improve quality and enhance the ability to resist natural risks.
3. Robot + medical treatment:
At present, 80% of us prostate removal operations are carried out by Surgical robots, among which the US Intuitive Surgical operation robot "Da Vinci" has been used in more than 3,100 operations worldwide. In the era of robot + medical treatment, new problems have been raised in theory and application, especially in the research of robot system design, system integration and clinical application suitable for surgery.
4. Robot + education:
Robot + education means to stimulate students' interest in learning and cultivate their comprehensive ability through robots. The introduction of robots in education can not only break the boring teaching situation in class but also enrich the teaching content and expand the teaching methods. As a useful assistant to teaching and learning, robots will create the future intelligent education mode.
5. Robot + life:
Robots have gradually entered homes and offices, replacing human beings in cleaning, washing, security, cooking, receiving guests, answering phones, printing documents, caring for the elderly and children. In addition, hotel sales robot, restaurant service robot, kitchen robot and nanny robot have also been born.
6. Robot + traffic:
The advent of the era of driverless cars has made transportation smart and sophisticated. Driverless cars are scheduled through the network, and precise analysis is made using big data to avoid congestion and collision. The automobile becomes a device composed of sensors, antennas, receivers, display apparatus and many other electronic components. The automobile will develop from a single vehicle to intelligent vehicle robot with independent learning and network scheduling.
7. Robot + logistics:
Robot + logistics brings strong competitiveness and advantages, from sorting, handling, and delivery. The future development of logistics cannot be separated from the support of robot technology, which plays an increasingly important role in logistics operation and becomes an important factor leading the development of modern logistics industry.
8. Robot + ocean:
The robot can be a perpetual motion machine for deep-sea operations. Science and technology of ocean science cannot be separated from the support of high technology, and also from the support of cutting-edge equipment. Underwater robots have emerged as the times require, enabling people to explore the ocean world in more innovative ways, with low cost and high efficiency. Deep-sea exploration is only one aspect; Underwater robots will have more space in the future.
9. Robot + aerospace:
Space robot is a special service robot used in the space of the universe. In the future space activities, there will be a large number of robot work demands for space processing, space production, space assembly, space experiments and other robots, and space robots will have great potential.
10. Robot + disaster relief:
It is an urgent task for rescue workers to search for survivors in the ruins of earthquake, fire and mining disasters and rescue those trapped as soon as possible. How to search and rescue as many trapped people as possible in the golden rescue time has become the focus and difficulty of the relief work. The rescue robot can enter the scene to carry out the rescue work.
11. Robot + military:
Military robots, covering a wide range of military personnel, including land, sea, air, and sky, have received unprecedented attention and wide application in the United States. Us military robots have been deeply involved in peacekeeping operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, with more than 25,000 deployed in ground or air systems. Therefore, the potential of large-scale application of robots in the military field is unlimited.